Logistics Services Market in Vietnam: Opportunities and Challenges.
From 2001 to now, especially after Vietnam joined the WTO, the logistics services market Vietnam has the positive changes with the number of enterprises operating in the rapidly developing field of Logistics and growth high.
Logistics services are commercial activities whereby traders organize one or more tasks including receiving, transporting, storing, warehousing, customs procedures and other paperwork, investment customer consulting, packaging, marking, delivery or other services related to the goods as agreed with the customer for remuneration.
Show logistics companies operating in Vietnam are quite professional and efficient, but in reality only 25% meet the market demand, and limited to the extent provided individual services, some of passage of this important service chain. This fact is due to the logistics of Vietnam enterprises are mainly small and medium enterprises, the size and limited capacity, but of cooperation and links to create competitiveness is very weak again making low competitiveness.
Through the survey of the Institute for Economic Research and Development - University of National Economics of logistics operations in 10 provinces and cities throughout the country in 2011 showed that 69.28% of respondents said that the business associate lack of cooperation, 54.7% of respondents said that lack of staff with professionalism and to 80.26% of employment in the logistics business only through job training.
This is the basic reason to make competitiveness of logistics enterprises Vietnam lags far lower than the foreign enterprises in the current situation is understandable and Vietnam now mostly closed as a "satellite" for foreign logistics company, only assume some individual services in logistics operations such as customs procedures, rental vehicles, warehouses ... in the context of the which operates Vietnam's export growing, domestic trade expanding logistics needs increasing, this is a special problem that needs attention and remedy to limit losses immediately on the "floor" for the field service industry is considered the "infrastructure" of the economy, will not only bring great resource for the country, but also has an important role in the innovation model growth and restructure the current economy.
With the foreign logistics enterprises accounted for 75% of the market and the domestic enterprises can only meet 25% of demand and market logisitcs just stop at providing services for a number of stages of the service chain this important market scale accounts for 25% of GDP is certainly a great influence on Vietnam Logistics and Vietnam economy in general. Take the example of the current seaport operators, a number of ports in the south recently raced down cargo rates at only 32 USD / 20-foot container and USD 50 / container 40 feet lower than the ports the same quality of service in the region like Thailand 55 USD / 20-foot container, Singapore - 117 USD / container 40 feet ... This is the risk of losing market share in the exploitation of Vietnam seaport in the hands of foreign investors is very pig. Because such low prices leading to heavy losses in the seaports forced to sell shares to reduce, then foreign investors will have the opportunity to hold controlling stakes. This is clearly a direct impact on Logistics Vietnam and directly affects the interests and the economic development of the country.
With Vietnam's implementation of commitments to liberalize logistics services in the WTO and ASEAN integration roadmap Logistics 2014 is four steps: (1) trade liberalization, removal of tariff barriers; (2) Create opportunities for enterprises in the field of logistics; (3) Capacity Management and Logistics (4) Development of human resources. Context that poses opportunities and challenges for the industry Logistics in Vietnam. First of all is the opportunity for development of Vietnam's logistics approach Logistics broader market with commercial incentives to promote the consumption of products or services; promote geographical advantages - political development in infrastructure development Logistics as deep-water ports, international airports, trans-Asian railway system, the logistics center; Integration Logistics provides an opportunity for Vietnam to develop partnerships, export markets expanded, contributing to economic restructuring and growth model innovation ... Besides, on the road to real the objective of integration Logistics, Vietnam is also faced with many challenges such as infrastructure for logistics activities and lack of poor, limited to the development, leading to Vietnam's logistics costs much higher than other countries; Logistics small-scale enterprises, activities fragmentation and lack of professionalism; Logistics manpower shortage is trained and qualified to manage logistics; The regulatory environment is still insufficient, the differences in legal systems, customs clearance and other administrative procedures are the challenges to the integration of our country in Logistics.
With the objectives set out for the field of logistics services by 2020, as the proportion of outsourced logistics services by 2020 is 40% and formed full service 3PL is challenging goals. In order to achieve the goals set out, Logistics Vietnam to implement multiple solutions concurrently at both the macro and micro level, such as construction planning and overall strategic development of Vietnam till Logistics 2020 and vision to 2030; Perfecting the State Management for Logistics activities, developing the institutional framework and macroeconomic management systems Logistics; Logistics market development, improve the quality and competitiveness of products and services Logistics; Enhance the competitiveness of enterprises Logistics; Develop and raise the level of human resources Logistics ...
The competition between businesses in the logistics business is essential, in order to promote and develop business dynamics. But in the present conditions when domestic enterprises only traditional service providers, individual, mainly as agents, scale logistics enterprises are mostly small and fragmented business, Labour satisfactory at low, no collaboration, alliances to compete with foreign firms, the business in a "grab", fragmented, competition-style down cargo rates, lower costs to foreign agents for unhealthy way is not the type to do business in accordance with market rules, is creating bad precedent for foreign firms dominate the market fledgling logistics industry in Vietnam.
In the current situation, to resolve this issue, first and foremost belongs to Vietnam's logistics business, logistics need to be right from the point of view of the enterprise, businesses need to do logistics Vietnam followers strict rules of the market, to link activities, cooperation, establish economic relations for mutual benefit, every business should focus on their strengths and to outsource these services will not like manh.Su link and coordinate support each other is essential for Vietnam enterprises.